Skip to main content

How to recognize ZIKA virus

The Zika virus has gained attention due to recent outbreaks, particularly in Central and South America, the Caribbean, Oceania, and Africa, as well as some areas of the United States. It is helpful to be able to recognize signs and symptoms of a potential Zika infection, as well as to know what to look for when it comes to complications of the infection. Prompt recognition of complications may help you to get appropriate medical treatment if and when needed.

Method1
Identifying Zika

  1. Image titled Recognize Zika Step 1
    1
    Recognize the symptoms. Zika symptoms are often mild and they only last for around a few days to one week. Symptoms of the Zika infection may include:[1]
    • Fever
    • Nausea and/or vomiting
    • Headache
    • Muscle and joint pain
    • Red eyes (conjunctivitis) and/or pain behind the eyes
    • A rash
  2. Image titled Recognize Zika Step 2
    2
    Keep in mind that many people do not show symptoms.[2] One of the major challenges of recognizing a Zika infection is that most infected people have no symptoms at all.
  3. Image titled Recognize Zika Step 3
    3
    Consider timing. The Zika virus is transmitted by a bite from the Aedes aegypti mosquito, which is the same type of mosquito that can also carry Dengue Fever and Yellow Fever.[3]The time-frame for developing symptoms is usually three to 12 days after being bitten by an infected mosquito.[4]
    • If you develop symptoms of Zika, they will occur within this time-frame. However, keep in mind that a lack of symptoms does not mean that you do not have Zika.
  4. Image titled Recognize Zika Step 4
    4
    See a doctor for a blood test. The only sure way to determine if you have Zika is to have a blood test. Zika has symptoms that are similar to dengue fever and chikungunya, so even a doctor cannot diagnose you without performing a blood test.[5]

Method2
Recognizing Symptoms of Potential Complications

  1. Image titled Recognize Zika Step 5
    1
    Be aware of potential complications of Zika.[6] The biggest risk of a Zika infection is not the infection, it is the potential complications that can develop as a result of the infection. Although complications only develop in a small minority of people, they can be severe. The two main complications that are suspected to be linked to the Zika virus are:
    • Guillain-Barre Syndrome (GBS), which is a neurological condition that can lead to potential paralysis.
    • Microcephaly, which is a birth defect that develops when women who are pregnant become infected with Zika. Infants born with microcephaly have an abnormally small head and may have developmental delays as well. Some infants may even die as a result of this birth defect.
  2. Image titled Recognize Zika Step 6
    2
    Recognize symptoms of GBS.[7] GBS has been linked as a potential complication of the Zika virus, but there is not yet a proven link between the two. Still, it is important to know the signs and symptoms of GBS if you have Zika. GBS is an autoimmune disorder that may occur following a viral infection such as Zika. It affects your nervous system by damaging the nerve coverings. Symptoms include:[8]
    • Numbness in the lower extremities such as the feet, lower legs, and hands
    • Difficulty moving
    • Numbness and/or paralysis that gradually moves upwards
    • Difficult breathing if the paralysis moves to the chest area
  3. Image titled Recognize Zika Step 7
    3
    Watch for signs of microcephaly in newborns.[9] Microcephaly in newborns has also been linked to the Zika infection in pregnant women (who then pass it on to their fetus in the womb). Microcephaly refers to an abnormally small head. This condition can lead to developmental delays, intellectual disabilities, and, in severe cases, it may even lead to death.
    • When your baby is born, the doctors will take routine measurements of head circumference (both at birth, as well as at progressive intervals throughout your baby's growth). It is through abnormally small head circumference measurements that a doctor may diagnose your baby with microcephaly.
    • Microcephaly is defined as a head circumference of less than 42cm at full growth.[10] Doctors can use age-based growth charts to determine whether your baby's head circumference fits into the normal range at each developmental stage.
    • If your baby is diagnosed microcephaly, it may be a sign that you have recently been infected with the Zika virus.
  4. Image titled Recognize Zika Step 8
    4
    Keep in mind that there is no cure or vaccine for Zika.[11] However, GBS is treatable, so see a doctor as soon as possible if you think you have GBS. Microcephaly cannot be treated, but there are support strategies that may help your child reach as many developmental milestones as possible.

Comments

You may also want to read these ⤵️

Referee kills player in a football match

A referee is facing murder charges after football players allegedly forced him to

Do not watch this while driving

Kids are lovely and fun to watch most times. I know most of you did this and so many other funny stuffs as a kid. Feel free to share yours... Do not watch this while driving

Over 40 Million Accounts Found Guilty

Microsoft has uncovered 44 million user accounts using usernames and passwords that have been leaked through security breaches.

RAW TALENT ep1 (freestyle by Gdlpeid)

Just watch! Freestyle by ''Gdlpeeid''. A rapper with a difference.  Pure raw talent.

By February 2020 - WhatsApp Will Stop Working on These Phones

Every now and then, WhatsApp does fish out a list of old phones for which support is discontinued and if you have an old phone lying around as a backup, you might want to read on.

These 10 Powerful Words And Phrases Defined The Decade

Honestly, it has been a wonderful decade to remember.  A lot has happened and a lot has been spoken also. But our focus is on the words and phrases spoken.  Below are words and phrases spoken between 2010 - 2019 that defined the decade.....

Apple Has Released iOS 13.2.2 And Fixes Major Issue

All thanks to Apple,  the tech  giant just released iOS 13.2.2, which addresses the issue of background apps being killed prematurely, along with a handful of other annoyances.

This Magnetic thread Can Be Used To Clear Blood Clot in The Brain

Link from mashable.com  Researchers at MIT developed a thread that can be steered magnetically to glide through the brain's blood vessels and

This gigantic monster device turns wave energy into electricity

This 826-ton buoy was developed by OceanEnergy to turn wave energy into electricity. IEEE Spectrum reported that "OE Buoy" was towed from Oregon to Hawaii, where it will undergo a series of tests that will prove whether it can withstand the battering waves while generating electricity. Click the link below to watch the video..

Lionel Messi Barcelona exit date revealed

The Barcelona Legend has decided on when he wants to quit the club and even has a successor in his mind already.